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snorri_di

the birth of Pennsylvania

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Mar. 21st, 2011 | 10:50 pm
music: Bruno Pelletier - J'me Voyais Plus

The Birth of Pennsylvania, 1680
Jean Leon Gerome Ferris




Картинка большая, больше 4 Мб. Ниже приведена цитата из Хилэра Беллока. Насколько она правдива, сказать не берусь. Просто пояснение к картинке :-)

William Penn received his grant and charter from the fervent goodwill of Charles and James. That grant and charter lie at the root of all later Western expansion of English speech and custom over what was later to be called the United States; and he received it from the friendship and sympathy of Charles II and of James, Duke of York, who was a special supporter of Penn as the son of an Admiral and as one of these Nonconformists whom the two Royal brothers made it their policy to protect.

The reasons that Pennsylvania is thus of the highest importance in the story of the English-speaking New World are both moral and geographical.

Morally, Pennsylvania founded that system of political and religious neutrality without which the coming expansion would have been impossible. Geographically the new colony of Pennsylvania was planted as a gate giving entry to the Ohio valley and thence to the Upper Mississippi beyond.

So much emphasis has been laid in our histories upon the New England states (the colonies which were later to be the Puritan group of States between the Hudson and the French settlements to the far north) that the role of Pennsylvania is obscured. Yet a very elementary knowledge of the map is enough to prove to anyone who follows the story, though it be for the first time, that not New England but Pennsylvania did the trick. The pioneers who gradually extended the influence of the eastern seaboard into the interior, and so built up what was to become the United States, were of every kind and origin and among them can be found numerous settlers and migrants from the states of New England; but the door through which all had to pass, the political society which determined the western movement, was not that of New England with its peculiarly Calvinistic traditions, but that of the broad, wise, and just William Penn: the Quaker who founded Pennsylvania, and bequeathed his spirit to his followers.

Hilaire Belloc "Charles II"

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Comments {8}

valya_15

(no subject)

from: valya_15
date: Mar. 27th, 2011 03:08 pm (UTC)
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А я про Уильяма Пенна в прошлом году статью написала. У него был проект установления прочного международного мира.

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Сноррь

(no subject)

from: snorri_di
date: Mar. 28th, 2011 09:06 am (UTC)
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Он был жизнеспособным?

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valya_15

(no subject)

from: valya_15
date: Mar. 28th, 2011 02:39 pm (UTC)
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Он был очеь практически ориентированным и напоминал ЕС.
А еще он содержал упоминание об аналогичном проекте Гениха IV - Сюлли.

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valya_15

(no subject)

from: valya_15
date: Mar. 28th, 2011 02:44 pm (UTC)
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Считается, что проект союза американских колоний Пенна (1696 г.) - это предшественник конституции США.

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Сноррь

(no subject)

from: snorri_di
date: Mar. 30th, 2011 08:14 pm (UTC)
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Т.е. он оказался эффективным?

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valya_15

(no subject)

from: valya_15
date: Mar. 30th, 2011 09:36 pm (UTC)
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Дядя что-то предвидел. :-)

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Элина

(no subject)

from: a_xuili
date: Apr. 24th, 2011 08:02 pm (UTC)
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с Днем рождения!

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Сноррь

(no subject)

from: snorri_di
date: Apr. 25th, 2011 07:53 am (UTC)
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Спасибо большое! :-)

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