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snorri_di

Джон Харман (1625-1673)

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Jun. 22nd, 2007 | 01:25 pm
music: Blackmore's Night-Beyond The Sunset

Сведения об этом джентльмене весьма скупы. Адмирал сэр Джон Харман, участник Англо-Голландских войн, особенно отличился в битвах при Лоустофте (1665) и в Четырехдневном сражении (1666), в 1667 году атаковал французскую Мартинику, разгромив эскадру противника.

Вот что пишет о нем Кэмпбелл в своем "Жизнеописании адмиралов", говоря о Четырехдневном сражении:

Being in a short time completely disabled, one of the enemy's fire-ships grappled him on the starboard quarter; he was, however, freed by the almost incredible exertions of his lieutenant, who, having in the midst of the flames loosed the grappling-irons, swung back on board his own ship unhurt. The Dutch, bent on the destruction of this unfortunate ship, sent a second which grappled her on the larboard side, and with greater success than the former; for the sails instantly taking fire, the crew were so terrified that nearly fifty of them jumped overboard. The admiral, Sir John Harman, seeing this confusion, ran with his sword drawn among those who remained, and threatened with instant death the first man who should attempt to quit the ship, or should not exert himself to quench the flames. The crew then returned to their duty and got the fire under; but the rigging being a good deal burned, one of the topsail yards fell and broke Sir John's leg. In the midst of this accumulated distress, a third fire-ship prepared to grapple him, but was sunk by the guns before she could effect her purpose. The Dutch vice-admiral, Evertzen, now bore down to him and offered quarter; but Sir John replied, 'No, no, it is not come to that yet,' and giving him a broad-side, killed the Dutch commander; after which the other enemies sheered off.


Из книги Ричарда Олларда "Сэмюэл Пепис и его окружение":

The sea officers with whom Pepys's life was bound up were at the time, and have been generally since, classified under two categories: the Tarpaulins and the Gentlemen. The tarpaulins, as their nickname suggests, were what Pepys called 'bred seamen', that is they had followed the sea as a means of livelihood, in merchant ships or on whaling voyages or less ambitious fishery. Under the aggressive, expansionist foreign policy of Cromwell the State Navy had grown to a formidable size, offering more or less continuous employment with attractive prospects of wealth and public honour. Most, indeed practically all, the tarpaulins were thus by definition men who had served under the Commonwealth and Protectorate governments, of whom a good example is Sir John Harman. Harman first appears as Captain of a forty-gun ship in the First Dutch War (1652-4), subsequently serving under Blake in the Mediterranean and at the great victory of Santa Cruz in the Canaries, when the entire Spanish plate fleet was sunk while riding at anchor. In the Second and Third Dutch Wars (1665-7 and 1672-4) he was in the thick of the bloodiest actions: in both he was severely wounded and in both he distinguished himself as a flag officer, winning a brilliant victory in the West Indies.


O портрете адмирала с сайта Национального Морского музея:

This has the most striking pose of all the 'Flagmen' portraits. As with the others, however, Lely probably only painted the head: the remainder would have been painted by assistants. Harman was captain of the Duke of York's flagship, the Royal Charles, at the Battle of Lowestoft. He continued to serve with distinction until the end of the Third Dutch War in 1673 but died soon afterwards.


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Comments {35}

antoin

(no subject)

from: antoin
date: Jun. 22nd, 2007 10:20 am (UTC)
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нравятся мне портреты англичан 17 века. По сравнению с 16м хоть научились у хорошихъ художников заказывать :)

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Сноррь

(no subject)

from: snorri_di
date: Jun. 22nd, 2007 10:38 am (UTC)
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Наверное, потому, что Питер Лели был голландцем :-) Я так понимаю, хорошим качеством национальная живопись смогла похвастаться лишь в XVIII веке, с появлением Хогарта и Гейнсборо.

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(no subject)

from: anonymous
date: Jun. 22nd, 2007 05:08 pm (UTC)
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В XVI в. у Гольбейна заказывали :) Разве плохо?

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Ната

(no subject)

from: wienta
date: Jun. 22nd, 2007 10:40 am (UTC)
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Очень интересная внешность. А глаза...как у бывалого лиса :)

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Сноррь

(no subject)

from: snorri_di
date: Jun. 22nd, 2007 10:51 am (UTC)
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Или волка. Морского ;-))

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Ната

(no subject)

from: wienta
date: Jun. 22nd, 2007 10:52 am (UTC)
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Это ближе к истине :)

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B

(no subject)

from: dobraja_sterva
date: Jun. 23rd, 2007 07:01 am (UTC)
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Скулы, брови и губы.

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Сноррь

(no subject)

from: snorri_di
date: Jun. 23rd, 2007 04:00 pm (UTC)
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Нравяцца?

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Сноррь

(no subject)

from: snorri_di
date: Jun. 26th, 2007 12:25 pm (UTC)
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Не знаю. Это все, что я про него сумела найти в Сети.

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his_earlship

(no subject)

from: his_earlship
date: Jul. 15th, 2007 09:54 pm (UTC)
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Господи, какой красавец!
И откуда у гордого англо-сакса такие миндальные очи? :-)

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Сноррь

(no subject)

from: snorri_di
date: Jul. 16th, 2007 09:40 am (UTC)
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Наверное, как и шведов или финнов :-))
Может, в крови буйная смесь, а может... ох, генетика - это страшная сила ;-)

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his_earlship

(no subject)

from: his_earlship
date: Jul. 15th, 2007 10:42 pm (UTC)
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Кстати, пока речь идет о голландцах...Как вам сей юноша ? :-)

36,92 КБ


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c5/Joachim_von_Sandrart_001.jpg

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Сноррь

(no subject)

from: snorri_di
date: Jul. 16th, 2007 09:41 am (UTC)
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Симпатичный юноша, ничего не скажешь.
Кто-то конкретный?

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